Golden 1 Center, the newly completed, $557-million home of the NBA’s Sacramento Kings in California, welcomed guests at a ribbon cutting ceremony on Sept. 30. On hand for the opening festivities were members of Thornton Tomasetti’s structural design team, who collaborated with owner representative ICON Venue Group, architect AECOM and general contractor Turner Construction to design and build the facility on an accelerated schedule.
Immersive engineering is under-pinned by 3D and real-time visualization. It is through the realisation that they lend themselves to achieving greater realism and improved understanding that designers, constructors and operators of infrastructure reach higher and further than previous generations. When coupled with innovations in augmented reality, robotics and sensor technologies, engineers are being nudged and prodded toward new capabilities and alternative perspectives on what their discipline can involve - or where it might lead to.
3D city models are now becoming the norm rather than the exception. The uptake of building information modeling (BIM) is helping to create this growing change. What looks good in 2D on a drawing is often not easily understood in a 3D context. As design professionals, contractors and builders begin to sort out the pieces of large infrastructure projects, the need for coordination, communication and collaboration expands and becomes more important. A primary objective of these projects involves connecting the dots between the pieces to ensure all are on the same page, and that projects meet schedules for completion.
New York City Fire Department’s Rescue Company 2 has broken ground on a new station in city that will include many innovative and advanced 3D design features. The new building considers spaces in both horizontal and vertical directions, not only for construction but also for environmental factors including light. The new structure will increase greenhouse gas reductions by as much as 80%.
Building information modeling (BIM) was used in the design of the new Miami Stadium that will become home to the NFL Miami Dolphin football club. Designed by architect HOK, this phase of modernizations also adds four 50-by-112-foot, high-definition screens, one at each of the stadium’s corners. Designed to withstand Category 4 hurricane winds, the canopy is completely independent from the existing stadium construction.
Governments around the globe are increasingly realising the benefits of advanced, high quality 3D and visualization technology. They have a unique participation role that often extends through the entire infrastructure lifecycle process. New roads, utilities, airports, water systems and other architecture, engineering and construction projects begin with initial designs and require approvals, updates and review by various agencies. Upon construction, they are monitored and performance is measured as work proceeds. The required coordination and collaborations with contractors and designers is ongoing and extends well into the owner maintenance stages. In fact, government owned infrastructure is continually involved - forever.
Three-dimensional terrain data is valuable and useful for many purposes. While most people are immediately aware of the 3D visualization possibilities that higher level and more realistic landscapes bring, alternative values lie within this data that set the foundation for building and operating infrastructure and land management practices around the globe.
Advances in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) technology are placing drones in a central position for designing, managing, building and operating infrastructure projects. From the initial planning stages involving site locations to the monitoring of construction assets and continous maintenance applications, UAV technology is flourishing. These developments are supporting through enhanced software that processes imagery as well as increased use of 3D lidar and laser technologies.
Infrastructure around the globe is being designed, constructed, operated and maintained through the use and application of 3D technologies. The technologies range from data capture through to 3D model creation, visualization and simulation. Simulation holds a unique place in lifecycle infrastructure development due to the fact that much of the engineering work can be accomplished prior to creating real physical models and actual construction. Additionally, simulated 3D infrastructure supports the ability to create education and training materials.
A convergence of conceptual knowledge, technological innovation and communication tool advancements are propelling 3D cities into the limelight. No longer are 3D and 4D applications nice things to have, they are becoming necessary components of aware, competitive and innovative companies and project solutions.
Cities are challenged with new 3D technologies, policies and questions related to advancing infrastructure in urban areas. Several pressures contribute toward the need for improvements including population growth, aging infrastructure, financial restrictions and sometimes a lack of awareness and knowledge.
Local governments around the globe are delivering better results quicker and more effectively through 3D innovations. Starting with below ground utilities and underground transportation systems, 3D permeates the local government agenda. It can be found in building designs, urban planning decisions, monitoring and regulatory governance, environmental policy, emergency services and mobility applications.